POOL SAFETY

Drowning is a major cause of death for children.

The surest way to prevent children drowning is to supervise them at all times when they are in or near the water.

Child drownings can best be prevented by following the three Steps to Home Safety:

  • Step One: Spot The Hazard
  • Step Two: Assess the Risk
  • Step Three: Make Changes Quickly
  • Step One: Spot the Hazard
    In looking for hazards which could lead to the drowning of a child follow the basic strategy for spotting hazards:

    Think about the following objects that could lead to a drowning in your home:

    Step Two: Assess the Risk
    Whenever you Spot a Hazard - STOP AND THINK - ask yourself:

    Think about the following strategies for dealing with water hazards for children:

    DON'T GET LAZY OR COMPLACENT.  It's not enough that you emptied the wading pool last time after it rained -- the danger is there again.

    KEEP A CHECKLIST AND GO OVER IT ON A REGULAR BASIS.
     If pilots with twenty years of experience can do it several times a day, you can do it once a month!

    REMEMBER: Telling people about a hazard is not sufficient on its own. Somebody must take responsibility to reduce or eliminate it. If nothing else is going to work, you might have to get rid of the hazardous item altogether.

    EMERGENCY NUMBERS

    Make sure you have a list in a prominent place near your phone showing phone numbers such as:

    Step Three - Make the Changes Quickly
    Once you have spotted a water safety hazard and decided the best way to deal with it . . . DON'T DELAY !

    Make the changes as soon as possible before somebody does get harmed. Children can be drowned in water hazards that have been around for a long time.

    If you ignore a hazard long enough, it may seem to go away. In reality, it becomes even more dangerous because people forget it's there.

    People, and especially children, are not safe until they are separated from the hazard. You will feel safer, others in the house will be more relaxed, and children will play more safely when hazards have been isolated or removed.

    POOL SAFETY TIPS

    The following articles were downloaded from the U.S. Consumer Products Safety Commission.

    CPSC Doc. #362:  Safety Barrier Guidelines for Home Pools
     
    [Link to PDF version] (890k)
     
    CPSC Doc. #4359: Prepare for Unexpected: Prevent Child Drownings
     
    [Link to HTML versionl
     
    CPSC Doc. #5067: Hair Entrapment

    CPSC Doc. #5084: Baby Supporting Ring Devices

    CPSC Doc. #5097: Always Supervise Children
     

    [Link to HTML version]

     The following article, based on California Health Services Agency/Environmental Health Department Informational Bulletin No. 97-08, explains the different types of pool covers.

    Scuba Samantha Swimming Animated Clipart


    The following issues of the NSW Public Health Bulletin (New South Wales, Australia) are in Adobe Type Manager PDF format and require Adobe Acrobat Reader or similar software:


    The British Consumer Safety Unit at the Department of Trade and Industry contracted a pool cover study in 1992.  This Unit is the British equivalent of the U.S. CPSC. Results of the study were published in the following articles:

    Norris BJ, Wilson JR, Pridham MS, Dickens PM & Pretty H, 1994, "The design and safety of swimming pool covers." International Journal for Consumer Safety, 1(3), 163-174.
     

    Norris BJ, Wilson JR, Pridham MS, Dickens PM & Pretty H, 1992, "A cover story - an evaluation of swimming pool covers." Contemporary Ergonomics 1992, Proceedings of the Ergonomics Society Annual Conference, Aston, 7-10 April 1992, 212-217.

    The entire 162-page Final report to the Department of Trade and Industry, Consumer Safety Unit, entitled The Design and Safety of Swimming Pool Covers is available by contacting:

    Beverley Norris
    Product Safety and Testing Group
    Institute for Occupational Ergonomics
    Department of Manufacturing Engineering and Operations Management
    University of Nottingham
    University Park
    Nottingham NG7 2RD
    UK

    Telephone - 44 (0) 115 9514039
    Fax - 44 (0) 115 9514000
    Email -
    beverley.norris@nottingham.ac.uk



    Logan, Pamela, MD; Branche, Christine, PhD; Sacks, Jeffrey, MD, MPH; Ryan, George, PhD; and Peddicord, John, MS. "Childhood Drownings and Fencing of Outdoor Pools in the United States, 1994", Pediatrics, Vol. 101 No. 6 June 1998 (electronic edition only) can be ordered from:

    American Academy of Pediatrics
    141 Northwest Point Blvd.
    Elk Grove Village, IL 60009-0927 USA
    Phone: (847) 981-7903
    Fax: (847) 228-5088

    The URL for the article is: http://www/pediatrics.org/cgi/content/full/101/6/e3
    However, to access that you must be a subscriber to the print journal.


    Other Pool Safety Sites

    CONSUMER PRODUCT SAFETY COMMISSION
    The U.S. agency.

    U.S. CPSC DOCUMENT MENU (Gopher)         DROWNING DOCUMENTS

    U.S. CPSC PUBLICATIONS

    REPORT A DANGEROUS PRODUCT TO U.S. CPSC

    DROWNING
    National SAFEKIDS Campaign

    MEDACCESS - PREPARE FOR THE UNEXPECTED: PREVENT CHILD DROWNINGS
    HTML version of CPSC Doc #4359, plus related links

    KIDSOURCE: ALWAYS SUPERVISE CHILDREN
    HTML version of CPSC Doc #5097, plus related links

    CHILD SAFETY TIPS: WATER SAFETY

    CHILDREN'S SAFETY ZONE

    CHILDREN AREN'T WATERPROOF
    State of Hawaii Department of Health Injury Prevention & Control Program

    DROWNING FACTS AND PREVENTION CHECKLIST

    HIGH RISK PROFILE - WATER-RELATED PROFILE

    HOME POOL SAFETY FOR KIDS

    INFANT SWIMMING RESEARCH, INC.

    LIFESAVING RESOURCES

    LIFE WITH NANNY: WATER SAFETY TIPS

    NATIONAL SAFETY COUNCIL FACT SHEET LIBRARY

    NSC: POOLSIDE TIPS TO PREVENT A DROWNING

    POOL BARRIER INC.

    PULLIAM POOLS: BE WISE-SUPERVISE!

    RED CROSS: HOME POOL SAFETY FOR KIDS

    SAFETY TURTLE Alarm System

    SWIMMING POOLS - SUMMER FUN, YEAR-ROUND DANGER

    WATCH THE WATER - DROWNING PREVENTION
    Orange County Fire Authority's water safety page


    The following U.K. Site discusses chemical application, usage and safety:
    SWIMMING POOL OPERATORS AND OWNERS PAGES

    This site covers many pool safety topics, e.g., chemicals, diving:
    POOL CENTER'S POOL SAFETY PAGE

    This site includes information on teaching infants to swim:
    SWIMBABES -- TEACHING INFANTS TO SWIM


    General Pool Sites

    NSPI -- NATIONAL SPA AND POOL INSTITUTE
    The pool industry's trade organization.

    MANUFACTURERS' LINKS
    Links to many pool and spa manufacturers.

    POOLS, ETC. INC.'S LINKS

    AQUEOUS SEARCH ENGINE
    A search engine and website dedicated to water-related sites

    POOL AND SPA BUSINESS DIRECTORY
    Search for pool or spa industry members by name or state.

     


     

    General Swimming Sites

    AQUATIC RISK MANAGEMENT, INC.
    mainly Litigation Support

    INTERNATIONAL SWIMMING HALL OF FAME

    SWIMNEWS MAGAZINE

    U.S.A. SWIMMING

     

    The above pool safety information from Rick Reinckens http://www.hubblespacephotos.com/pool-safety-tips.html

    Pool size Caculator

     

    Keep Kids Alive and Do the Five ...

    Fence the pool

    Shut the gate

    Teach your kids to swim - its Great !

    Supervise-watch your mate

    Learn to resuscitate.

    Mime the rhyme to survive

    and Keep Kids Alive.

     

       
      Teri@BoulterProperties.com